The sleepy Dutch city of ‘s-Hertogenbosch, colloquially known as Den Bosch, might not be on your radar. But during the early 15th-century, this former ducal capital played host to a fury of artistic activity. Inspired by the humanist ideals cropping-up in Italy and other parts of Southern Europe, the Northern Renaissance saw the emergence of many influential talents, hailing from the different mid-sized urban centers, that help define the Low Countries’ prominence during the Early Modern era.
Among the long list of masters was Dutch/Netherlandish painter Hieronymus Bosch; posthumously named for his native town Den Bosch. Championing the fantastic illustration of religious concepts and narratives, Bosch is perhaps most recognized for his seminal The Garden of Earthly Delights triptych altarpiece (1490 and 1510). Much like the similar Last Judgment (1482) and The Haywain Triptych (1516) works, this iconic piece explores the duality of heaven and hell, with the depiction of perilous earthly-temptations in between.