Estúdio 41 keeps the cold out of this Antarctic research station with sandwich panels and structural thermal breaks

The Weather Outside is Frightful

Estúdio 41 keeps the cold out of this Antarctic research station with sandwich panels and structural thermal breaks

It is difficult to conjure a more challenging setting than Antarctica for the design and construction of structure suitable for habitation and scientific research. Designed by Brazilian architecture firm Estúdio 41, the recently completed Comandante Ferraz Station accomplishes just that with a sleek design to boot, and is clad with dark turquoise polyurethane sandwich panels.

The approximately 53,000-square-foot project is located on the Keller Penninsula, a rocky outcrop of King George Island—the island hosts a population of around 500 scientific researchers. The Comandante Ferraz Station replaces a preexisting base, which caught fire in 2012, and is something of an upgrade from what was a campus of souped-up shipping containers.

Topographic map of the Keller Peninsula, highlighting scale of the station
The project is located on the Keller Peninsula on King George Island, a rugged and mountainous terrain. (Courtesy Estúdio 41)
  • Facade

  • Architect
    Estúdio 41
  • Structural Engineer
  • Facade

  • Location
    King George Island, Antartica
  • Date of

  • System
    Fixed to internal structure with stainless steel screws
  • Products
    Polyurethane sandwich panels
    Schöck Isokorb Type 22 Structural Thermal Breaks

The Brazilian Navy commissioned an international competition just a year after the accident, and Estúdio 41’s proposal was selected for its consideration of the surrounding geography while offering state-of-the-art workspace. The new campus is centered on two core rectangular blocks lifted several feet off the ground by a system of steel pillars, which, in turn, support a grid of steel trusses and latticed and vertical braces for the roof. Unsurprisingly, insulation is key to the success of the station and is achieved with nearly nine-inch-thick polyurethane foam insulation sandwiched between galvanized and coated sheet steel panels held to the internal structure with stainless steel screws.

Thermal bridging is a common problem for any project, let alone one in Antarctica, and the design and engineering teams opted for Schöck’s Isokorb Type 22 Structural Thermal Breaks, which, as load-bearing thermal insulation elements, could accommodate the project’s extensive axial and shear forces.

Illustration of the station construction, and the shipment of prefabricated components
The project presented a number of logistical and construction schedules, including a tight season for installation and the remote location. (Courtesy Estúdio 41)

The remote setting and Artic climate posed an additional set of challenges for the project; construction started in 2015 but could only take place during the relatively mild summer months and the prefabricated components had to shipped in segments. CEICE, a Chinese construction firm, managed the fabrication and installation of the project, which was dissembled prior to shipment. The facility was inaugurated by the Brazilian government on January 14, 2020, and began operations this summer.