Before the Department of Homeland Security moves into its old insane asylum home, the National Historic Landmark will need some intense TLC

Before the Department of Homeland Security moves into its old insane asylum home, the National Historic Landmark will need some intense TLC

(Courtesy GSA/Grunley/Shalom Baranes)
Aerial view of the site as it looks today. (Courtesy GSA/Grunley/Shalom Baranes)

Although a designated landmark, the proposed new site for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) in the heart of the St. Elizabeths West Campus, Washington D.C., is an intense fixer-upper. Working with architects Shalom Baranes Associates and contractor Grunley Construction, the General Services Administration proposes a total renovation of the 264,300 square foot Center Building, a collection of seven connected structures that served as patient treatment rooms and administrative offices for the original Government Hospital for the Insane. It later became known as the St. Elizabeths Hospital.

Center building in its present state. (Courtesy GSA/Grunley/Shalom Baranes)

Once rehabilitated, the Center Building will house the DHS headquarters and the Secretary’s Office. Located north of the U.S. Coast Guard headquarters, the 176-acre west campus was recognized as a National Historic Landmark in 1990.

North entrance of Center building. Building 1 of 7 will be the entrance to DHS. (Courtesy GSA/Grunley/Shalom Baranes)

The Center Building was shuttered three years ago following the transfer of St. Elizabeths Hospital functions to the east campus, and photos submitted to the National Capital Planning Commission show that the building is deteriorating on the inside. Its exterior openings were boarded up in 2014 in advance of its reuse.

Interior casework in the Center building (Courtesy GSA/Grunley/Shalom Baranes)

“Basically, this project entails the integration of a completely new building within the envelope of the original and restored facades,” reads the submission to the NCPC. “Critical to the project’s success is not only the preservation of important historic fabric, but the optimum interplay between historic planning ideals and modern, efficient workspace.”

Before and after: The above images show the once grand interiors, while the images below show its present state. (Courtesy GSA/Grunley/Shalom Baranes)

The preservation and restoration project includes building stabilization from below grade, masonry repairs, window replacements, the removal and reconstruction of interior walls and floors, porch reconstruction, and landscape upgrades, among other fixes. To finance the repairs, President Barack Obama’s fiscal 2016 budget request includes $379.7 million to fund the second and third phases of the DHS campus consolidation.

The interiors fell into disrepair when Center building was shuttered three years ago. (Courtesy GSA/Grunley/Shalom Baranes)